Vertebral compression fractures occur when the vertebra of the spine become compressed due to trauma. The amount of trauma necessary to break the bones of the spine is usually substantial however in some cases such as individuals with cancer or the elderly, the bones of the spine are already fragile so they can break with minimal force. The lower back is the most common area for vertebral compression fractures however, they can occur in any portion of the spine.
To diagnose a Vertebral Compression Fracture, imaging tests are used on the spine. Possible imaging tests include: