All of these names indicate that a portion of a vertebral disc’s gel-like center has leaked into the spinal canal through a tear or split in the disc’s outer wall. Herniated discs can occur anywhere in the spine, including the cervical discs found in the neck. However, they are most often found in the lower back because much of the body’s weight, and movement stress, are places on lumbar vertebrae.
A pain doctor can often diagnose a herniated disc by reviewing a patient’s medical history and performing a physical examination. However, there are times when your doctor will need more information to confirm your condition or rule out other causes for your pain. Those can include: